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Special Supplement/Helping Hands – India Abroad

August 21, 2009

By Arthur J Pais

Dr Vadrevu K Raju has received many honors for his humanitarian work in saving the eyes of the poor not only in India but half a dozen countries ranging from Iraq to America – but the emotions he felt Srinu Muddula, who earned his doctorate in pharmaceutical studies from Rutgers University this year and began working for a major company, and who presented his first paycheck to the Eye Foundation of America that Raju started I n 1979, was transcendent.

It was in 1979 that Muddula had corneal transplants to both eyes, at the age of 2. His family had travelled to Morgantown, West Virginia, Raju’s home for more than three decades. The surgery was free and most of the other expenses were also born by Raju – now, it was time for Muddula to pay him back.

“You feel blessed when something like this happens,” he said, referring to Muddula’s gesture.

Muddula, who attended a fundraiser for the Eye Foundation of America last year which raised $750,000, declared: “If it wasn’t the foundation, I would not be here. I would not be talking to you. I would have been blind.”


Raju, who is a big advocate of early treatment for eye problems in children, has saved many over the past three decades. “If you catch a child in the first week or first few months of life and do these surgeries, less than an hour’s operation under anaesthesia, you give them 75 years plus,” Raju, who has travelled to more than 50 countries to help people with defective vision, said.

He not only sees hundreds of patients in a day, but also teaches other eye doctors. Ask about his annual vacation, and Raju – the father of an ophthalmologist daughter and investment banker son – finds difficulty recalling when last he had one. He has forgone many vacations to work with indigent patients, particularly in India. “With each visit, I get my insights improved,” he says. It is like I am getting a gift. Sometimes trips like this feel better than a holiday.”

The Goutami Eye Institute that he helped establish in Rajamundhry in Andhra Pradesh, where he grew up before going to the United Kingdom for higher studies, will also serve as a teaching institute. Its success precedes that of Srikiran Eye Institute in Kakinada that he and his childhood friend, Chandra Sankurathri, established in 1993.

UnderRaju’s supervision, over 200 ophthalmologists have been trained in advanced courses. Staff members, ophthalmologists and general physicians were introduced to the latest developments in ophthalmology and eye care. The Institute has provided service to more than 400,000 patients and 50,000 surgeries have been performed. It has become an autonomous institution, and Raju has raised over $6 million to establish and fund the two facilities.

“You can never be tired of giving back,” he says. “But to have real success, your intentions should be pure. It is a spiritual act.” His daughter Leela V Raju is now getting ready to spend one month in Andhra Pradesh to help the poor and marginalized people.

Her father’s humanity and passion stimulates whatever she undertakes, Leela says. “This is not a job for him; it has never been a job,” she says. “He does his work with passion and he enjoys it. His enthusiasm and passion are infectious.”

The many awards Raju has received include the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s Outstanding Humanitarian Service Award for his contributions to the medical profession; the Distinguished Community Service Award given by American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin (AAPI); and the Martin Luther King award from West Virginia University Center for Black Culture. He is also the chairman of the ‘prevention of blindness’ committee of the Association of American Physicians of Indian Origin.

In addition to his busy practice and philanthropy Raju, who specializes in corneal and refractive surgery, loves teaching. “Whether I am in a classroom at a university or teaching a group of doctors, I feel I am giving out more than medical knowledge,” he says. He is currently a clinical professor of ophthalmology at West Virginia University where he has been teaching since 1976. Students rate him as not only being innovative and knowledgeable, but also approachable.

A lot of his charity work is helped by his former patients, and in a spectacular case by young entrepreneur Jay Reddy. “When Jay was studying at the university, he had come to me for a check-up,” Raju recollects. “I don’t usually take money from students. I ask them to make small contribution to my charitable work.”

Jay Reddy never forgot the gesture; in the intervening years he has contributed over $250,000 to Raju’s charities.

Raju says he feels fulfilled thanks to his association with the Eye Relief Project, in which he travels periodically to India and other developing countries to volunteer his surgical services and teaches advances in ophthalmology. In America, he has conducted surgeries at the Native American settlements in Arizona and New Mexico.

“Each day when I get up, I remind myself that I should make a difference,” the soft-spoken Raju says. He told a newspaper recently: ‘Every morning, I wake up and start the day by saying Good morning, God, rather than Good God…morning.’

From his West Virginia base, Raju conducts approximately 25 corneal transplants annually; and handles 7000 to 8000 patient visits, the local newspaper The Dominion Post has written.

Doctors in America have too many comforts, he complaints. “There is an emptiness in many of us, there is also an intellectual poverty,” he says. “Some of this can be relieved by voluntary service. We have so much potential to help others – and in doing so, we may be helping ourselves much more than others.”

Part of the reason he is conscious of the need for humility in whatever he does is because of the Gandhian influence on him. He loves to read books with spiritual input, he says.

In profiling him, a local newspaper wrote ‘Raju has performed over 15,000 volunteer operations in India and restored vision (74 percent were non-paid) in his spare time.’ For the past two decades, he has assembled medical teams to trek to developing countries to treat patients in mobile eye camps or clinics.

Raju’s camps are funded through donations by philanthropists and American pharmaceutical companies. Physicians donate their services without receiving fees. Raju estimates without receiving fees. Raju estimates that he has spent over half-million-dollars plus in sophisticated equipment, with the objective of providing world-class eye to the needy.

He talks about how in India he has to be far more resourceful and alert than in America. In America, for cataract surgery, the average patient age is 70; but in India and developing nations, Raju says that he performs cataract surgery on many more children, due to such causes as infection, vitamin deficiencies and birth defects.

‘Here, I realize that if I do not perform a surgery, it’s probably because the patient is seeking another surgeon or getting the procedure done at a later date,’ he said in an interview. ‘In rural, India, if I don’t perform the surgery, I know in my heart that a person, possibly a child, may live a life of blindness.’

In praising his work, The Dominion Post wrote: ‘ophthalmologists like Dr Raju have transcended to their knowledge into a vision that offers not only eyesight to many, but hope, as well.’